GAZ 14

Wednesday 10 October 2012
Chaika production consisted of two generations. The mark 1 Chaika, the GAZ M13, was produced from 1959 to 1981, and is the more famous and more numerous with more than 3,100 examples built during the 22 year production run. The Chaika GAZ M13 was visually a near-clone of the 1955 Packard Patrician and Mercury, with typical chrome-bedecked 1950s styling. The M13 was powered by a 195 horsepower (145 kW) 5.5L V8 and driven through a push-button automatic transmission of a similar design to the Chrysler TorqueFlite unit. As a limousine-class car, Chaikas were available only to the Soviet government, and could not be purchased by the average citizens. However, citizens were allowed to rent Chaikas for weddings. Chaikas were one step down from the more prestigious ZIL limousines, and were issued to top professionals, party officials, scientists, academics, and other VIPs. For their larger size and more powerful V8, Chaikas were also ordered in some quantity by the KGB. Nikita Khrushchev, although entitled to a ZIL, was known to prefer Chaikas, and kept an M13 at his summer dacha. Top speed was 99 mph (158 km/h.
The vintage 1950s-style M13 was succeeded by the more modern Chaika M14 introduced in 1977 (although production of both versions overlapped by several years). The M14 drew styling cues from blocky, upright American luxury sedans of the period, but, unlike the M13 did not directly copy any one design. Although visually modern and fitted with the latest electronic luxury features, the M14 was in fact built around the drivetrain and undercarriage of the older model. The M14 engine was modernized and achieved 220 horsepower (160 kW). The Chaika M14 remained in production from 1977 to 1988, after which point the Chaika limousine brand was ended.

Technical data:
- engine: V8
- capacity: 5526 cc
- horsepower: 220 HP
- gearbox: 4+1
- top speed: 175 km/h

1 komentarz:

Juanh pisze...

Beautiful GAZ and Moskvitch, i like soviet car's, excellent miniature´s.